Fénelon, François de Salignac de la Mothe

(1651-1751)
   prelate, writer, theologian
   François de salignac de la Mothe Fénelon, whose theories and publications, despite the opposition of church and state, eventually became the basis for profound cultural and political changes in France, was born at the château of Fénelon, Périgord, into a noble family. Educated at the seminary of saint-sulpice and the university of Cahors, he was ordained a priest in 1675, and soon was appointed head of the Nouvelles Catholiques, an institute in Paris for the instruction of recent female converts to Catholicism. In 1685, after the revocation of the Edict of Nantes, he was sent to lead a mission among the Protestants in western France. He became a protégé of jacques bénigne bossuet and, in 1689, was appointed tutor to the young duke of Burgundy, a grandson of louis XIV. Fénelon wrote a series of moral lessons for this pupil to instruct him in the obligations and duties of a ruler. In 1695, Fénelon was named archbishop of Cambrai, but he soon became involved in a controversy with Bossuet over the quietist doctrines of Mme guyon. Fénelon himself had been influenced by quietism and its emphasis on the contemplative life, and his Explication des maximes des saints (1697) was strongly criticized by Bossuet as inconsistent with church doctrine and teachings. After an appeal to Rome, sections of the book were condemned by Pope Innocent XII. Fénelon was exiled to his archdiocese by Louis XIV, who sided with Bossuet. Also, Louis XIV had been displeased by Fénelon's Les Aventures de Télémaque (1699), his best-known work. A political novel, it posits that monarchs are the servants of their subjects and, additionally, denounces war and calls for a fraternity of nations. In another work, the influential Traité de l'éducation des filles (1687), Fénelon argued for education for women and later presented a plan for improving the Académie Française, of which he had been a member since 1693. His other political work, Tables de Chaulnes (1711), is also considered a critique of absolutism. In all his writings, Fénelon can be seen as a precursor of the 18th-century utopians.

France. A reference guide from Renaissance to the Present . 1884.

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  • Fénelon, François de Salignac de la Mothe- — • French bishop and author, b. in the Château de Fénelon in Périgord (Dordogne), 6 August, 1651; d. at Cambrai, 7 January, 1715 Catholic Encyclopedia. Kevin Knight. 2006 …   Catholic encyclopedia

  • Fénelon, François de Salignac de La Mothe- — born Aug. 6, 1651, Château de Fénelon, Périgord, France died Jan. 7, 1715, Cambrai French archbishop, theologian, and man of letters. Though generally conservative, his The Education of Young Gentlewomen (1687), based on his experience directing… …   Universalium

  • Fénelon, François de Salignac de la Mothe — (1651–1715)    Archbishop, Educator and Devotional Writer.    Fénelon was born in Périgord, France and was educated at the seminary of St Sulpice. After ordination, he became Superior of a house for recent converts from Protestantism and then led …   Who’s Who in Christianity

  • Fénelon, François de Salignac de La Mothe- — (6 ago. 1651, castillo de Fénelon, Périgord, Francia–7 ene. 1715, Cambrai). Arzobispo, teólogo y literato francés. Aunque de talante conservador, en su tratado La educación de las jóvenes (1687), basado en su experiencia como director de un… …   Enciclopedia Universal

  • FÉNÉLON, FRANÇOIS DE SALIGNAC DE LA MOTHE —    a famous French prelate and writer, born in the Château de Fénélon, in the prov. of Périgord; at the age of 15 came to Paris, and, having already displayed a remarkable gift for preaching, entered the Plessis College, and four years later… …   The Nuttall Encyclopaedia

  • Fénelon, François de Salignac de la Mothe — ► (1651 1715) Prelado y escritor francés. Al cuidado de la catequización de los protestantes, adquirió gran renombre por su labor de conciliación, después de haber sido revocado el Edicto de Nantes. Preceptor de uno de los nietos de Luis XIV,… …   Enciclopedia Universal

  • François de Salignac de La Mothe-Fénelon — Fénelon Pour les articles homonymes, voir Fénelon (homonymie). François de Salignac de La Mothe Fénelon …   Wikipédia en Français

  • François de Salignac de la Mothe-Fénelon — (* 6. August 1651 auf Schloss Fénelon im Périgord; † 7. Januar 1715 in Cambrai) war ein französischer Geistlicher und Schriftsteller. Leben und Schaffen François Fénelon Fénelon, wie er bei den französischen (Literar )Historikern schlicht heißt,… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • François de Salignac de la Mothe-Fénelon — (1641 ndash; 1679), was a Sulpician missionary in New France. He was the half brother of François Fénelon, Archbishop of Cambrai and ten years older.Little is known of François in his early years until he left for the missions of New France in… …   Wikipedia

  • François de Pons de Salignac de La Mothe-Fénelon — Fénelon Pour les articles homonymes, voir Fénelon (homonymie). François de Salignac de La Mothe Fénelon …   Wikipédia en Français

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